Tuesday, 18 June 2024 00:00

Children’s Foot Alignment Deformities

Pediatric foot alignment deformities are structural abnormalities in a child’s foot that can affect gait and overall mobility. Common deformities include clubfoot, skew foot, and cavovarus. Clubfoot, where the foot twists inward and downward, can be present at birth and may result from genetic factors or in-utero positioning. Skew foot involves a combination of forefoot adduction and hindfoot valgus, leading to a Z-shaped appearance. Cavovarus foot, characterized by a high arch and inward heel, often results from neuromuscular conditions or inherited foot structure. These deformities can affect children of all ages, with risk factors including family history, neurological disorders, and abnormal fetal positioning. Diagnosis typically involves a thorough physical examination, medical history review, and imaging studies such as X-rays or MRI. Treatment varies based on the type and severity of the deformity and may include stretching exercises, orthotic devices, casting, or surgery. Early intervention is imperative for effective management. If your child has a foot alignment deformity, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist as quickly as possible for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. 

Congenital foot problems require immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of In Motion Foot and Ankle. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Congenital foot problems are deformities affecting the feet, toes, and/or ankles that children are born with. Some of these conditions have a genetic cause while others just happen. Some specific foot ailments that children may be born with include clubfeet, polydactyly/macrodactyly, and cleft foot. There are several other foot anomalies that can occur congenitally. What all of these conditions have in common is that a child may experience difficulty walking or performing everyday activities, as well as trouble finding footwear that fits their foot deformity. Some of these conditions are more serious than others. Consulting with a podiatrist as early as possible will help in properly diagnosing a child’s foot condition while getting the necessary treatment underway.

What are Causes of Congenital Foot Problem?

A congenital foot problem is one that happens to a child at birth. These conditions can be caused by a genetic predisposition, developmental or positional abnormalities during gestation, or with no known cause.

What are Symptoms of Congenital Foot Problems?

Symptoms vary by the congenital condition. Symptoms may consist of the following:

  • Clubfoot, where tendons are shortened, bones are shaped differently, and the Achilles tendon is tight, causing the foot to point in and down. It is also possible for the soles of the feet to face each other.
  • Polydactyly, which usually consists of a nubbin or small lump of tissue without a bone, a toe that is partially formed but has no joints, or an extra toe.
  • Vertical talus, where the talus bone forms in the wrong position causing other bones in the foot to line up improperly, the front of the foot to point up, and the bottom of the foot to stiffen, with no arch, and to curve out.
  • Tarsal coalition, when there is an abnormal connection of two or more bones in the foot leading to severe, rigid flatfoot.
  • Cleft foot, where there are missing toes, a V-shaped cleft, and other anatomical differences.
  • Macrodactyly, when the toes are abnormally large due to overgrowth of the underlying bone or soft tissue.

Treatment and Prevention

While there is nothing one can do to prevent congenital foot problems, raising awareness and receiving neonatal screenings are important. Early detection by taking your child to a podiatrist leads to the best outcome possible.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Cypress and Houston, TX . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Congenital Foot Problems

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