Items filtered by date: July 2022
Ingrown toenails can be painful and can make wearing shoes or walking uncomfortable. Seek professional help if you believe you've developed an ingrown toenail and be treated safely.
It can be very helpful to learn more about the biomechanics of your feet to understand how they function and why it is so critical to maintain proper foot health. One of the often overlooked yet important elements of foot biomechanics is the toes. Although seemingly small and insignificant, your toes play a crucial role in keeping your feet functioning correctly. Firstly, your toes help you balance when walking and moving. Unlike other parts of your feet, the toes maintain contact with the ground for an extended period. Toes also help you bear weight. Your big toe is arguably the most important toe in this respect because it bears the most weight. Conversely, your pinky toe is the least important because it bears the least amount of weight. Toes also make running possible because they stretch and expand, essentially increasing the length of your foot. This enables you to push off the ground and run faster. Toes, therefore, play an important role in the biomechanics of your feet. You should be especially mindful of taking care of them and preventing any of the many afflictions that might threaten the health of your toes. Contact a podiatrist to learn more about how to protect and keep your toes healthy.
Biomechanics in Podiatry
Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.
A History of Biomechanics
- Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
- In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.
Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.
Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.
There are several types of fungi that are classified as dermatophytes which can cause skin infections, including athlete’s foot. There are different types of athlete’s foot, and each have their own symptoms. The most common form of athlete's foot is called chronic interdigital athlete’s foot, and the skin is generally itchy between the fourth and fifth toes. It can develop by wearing shoes that are too tight, creating a moist environment that can encourage fungal growth. Chronic scaly athlete's foot, which is also referred to as moccasin-type, can be found on the sole of the foot. The skin is typically dry, and underneath it can be pink and tender. The least common type of this kind of skin infection is referred to as acute vesicular athlete’s foot. The symptoms that are associated with this can consist of blisters that develop on the bottom or top of the foot, and is caused by multiple fungi. Athlete's foot is considered to be contagious, and it is advised to wear appropriate footwear while in public swimming pools, locker rooms, and standing on shower room floors. If you have signs of this skin infection, please consult with a podiatrist as quickly as possible who can start you with the appropriate treatment.
Athlete’s foot is an inconvenient condition that can be easily reduced with the proper treatment. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact one of our podiatrists from In Motion Foot and Ankle. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.
Athlete’s Foot: The Sole Story
Athlete's foot, also known as tinea pedis, can be an extremely contagious foot infection. It is commonly contracted in public changing areas and bathrooms, dormitory style living quarters, around locker rooms and public swimming pools, or anywhere your feet often come into contact with other people.
Solutions to Combat Athlete’s Foot
- Hydrate your feet by using lotion
- Buff off nails
- Use of anti-fungal products
- Examine your feet and visit your doctor if any suspicious blisters or cuts develop
Athlete’s foot can cause many irritating symptoms such as dry and flaking skin, itching, and redness. Some more severe symptoms can include bleeding and cracked skin, intense itching and burning, and even pain when walking. In the worst cases, Athlete’s foot can cause blistering as well. Speak to your podiatrist for a better understanding of the different causes of Athlete’s foot, as well as help in determining which treatment options are best for you.
Keeping the feet strong and flexible can help prevent and relieve foot and ankle pain, as well as reduce the risk of injury. Most foot exercises are simple and do not require complicated or expensive equipment to perform. Some easy exercises to increase flexibility and help maintain the strength and mobility of the feet include toe raises, points, the big toe stretch, toe splay, toe curls, marble pickup, sand walking, and toe extensions. Doing such exercises, wearing well-fitting, supportive shoes, not overdoing anything that puts pressure on the feet, and practicing routine grooming of the feet will all help to get the most life out of feet for a lifetime. If you need help with learning how to exercise the feet or how to properly care for them, consult with a podiatrist who can answer any questions and treat issues related to the feet and ankles.
Stretching the feet is a great way to prevent injuries. If you have any concerns with your feet consult with one of our podiatrists from In Motion Foot and Ankle. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.
Stretching the Feet
Stretching the muscles in the foot is an important part in any physical activity. Feet that are tight can lead to less flexibility and make you more prone to injury. One of the most common forms of foot pain, plantar fasciitis, can be stretched out to help ease the pain. Stretching can not only ease pain from plantar fasciitis but also prevent it as well. However, it is important to see a podiatrist first if stretching is right for you. Podiatrists can also recommend other ways to stretch your feet. Once you know whether stretching is right for you, here are some excellent stretches you can do.
- Using a foam roller or any cylindrical object (a water bottle or soda can will do), roll the object under your foot back and forth. You should also exert pressure on the object. Be sure to do this to both feet for a minute. Do this exercise three times each.
- Similar to the previous one, take a ball, such as a tennis ball, and roll it under your foot while seated and exert pressure on it.
- Grab a resistance band or towel and take a seat. If you are using a towel, fold it length wise. Next put either one between the ball of your foot and heel and pull with both hands on each side towards you. Hold this for 15 seconds and then switch feet. Do this three times for each foot.
- Finally hold your big toe while crossing one leg over the other. Pull the toe towards you and hold for 15 seconds. Once again do this three times per foot.
It is best to go easy when first stretching your foot and work your way up. If your foot starts hurting, stop exercising and ice and rest the foot. It is advised to then see a podiatrist for help.
There are millions of people worldwide that are affected by flat feet. They can be a disqualifying condition for people who are interested in joining the military if the symptoms of flat feet are noticeable and present. Some symptoms can include pain in the arch or heel, and the ankles being swollen. Most babies are born with flat feet and the arch typically develops during the teenage years. People who never develop an arch may have no symptoms, or in the opposite case, symptoms may be obvious. These can consist of tiring easily, limited range of foot movement, and there may be a pain in the feet after walking or running. An effective method to determine if you have flat feet involves standing on your tiptoes and looking for an arch in the foot. Doing so may indicate a low arch or the arch may be nonexistent. Some patients perform foot exercises that help flat feet from being achy. If you would like to learn more about exercises and treatments for flat feet, please consult with a podiatrist.
What Are Flat Feet?
Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.
Conditions & Problems:
Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.
Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.
Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.
- Pain around the heel or arch area
- Trouble standing on the tip toe
- Swelling around the inside of the ankle
- Flat look to one or both feet
- Having your shoes feel uneven when worn
If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle.